James Hendler

James Hendler
Director, the Rensselaer IDEA & Tetherless World Chair of Computer, Web and Cognitive Sciences

James Hendler is the Director of the Institute for Data Exploration and Applications and the Tetherless World Professor of Computer, Web and Cognitive Sciences at RPI.  He also heads the RPI-IBM Center for Health Empowerment by Analytics, Learning and Semantics (HEALS) and serves as a Chair of the Board of the UK’s charitable Web Science Trust. 

One of the originators of the “Semantic Web,” Hendler was the recipient of a 1995 Fulbright Foundation Fellowship, is a former member of the US Air Force Science Advisory Board, and is a Fellow of the AAAI, BCS, the IEEE, the AAAS and the ACM. He is also the former Chief Scientist of the Information Systems Office at the US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and was awarded a US Air Force Exceptional Civilian Service Medal in 2002. He is also the first computer scientist to serve on the Board of Reviewing editors for Science. 

In 2010, Hendler was named one of the 20 most innovative professors in America by Playboy magazine and was selected as an “Internet Web Expert” by the US government. In 2013, he was appointed as the Open Data Advisor to New York State and in 2015 appointed a member of the US Homeland Security Science and Technology Advisory Committee. In 2016, became a member of the National Academies Board on Research Data and Information and in 2018 became chair of the ACM’s US technology policy committee and was elected a Fellow of the National Academy of Public Administration.

 

Education

Ph.D., Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence, Brown University

Sc.M., Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence, Brown University

M.S., Cognitive Psychology, Human Factors Engineering, Southern Methodist University

B.S., Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence, Yale University

Marjorie McShane

Marjorie McShane

Marge McShane is a cognitive scientist, computational linguist and knowledge engineer who develops cognitive models of intelligent agents that can collaborate with people in task-oriented, dialog applications. She is particularly interested in the integration of functionalities that are often treated in isolation, such as physiological simulation, emotion modeling and the many aspects of cognition. 

One aspect of cognition to which she has devoted particular attention is natural language processing, approached from a cross-linguistic perspective and with the goal of producing machine-tractable descriptions that can support sophisticated conversational agents. McShane was a central contributor to the Boas system, a proof-of-concept system that elicited knowledge about any of the world’s languages from linguistically untrained native speakers. Boas used a mixed-initiative strategy, by which the system guided certain aspects of the knowledge compilation process and the user took the lead in others. Among the key requirements were that the system accommodate descriptions of not only anticipated, but also unanticipated, phenomena; that the descriptions be sufficiently formal to directly provide support to a generic machine translation engine; and that the system be usable by informants without the support of developers.

McShane has also worked extensively on cognitive modeling in the medical domain, to support the configuration of intelligent agents playing the roles of virtual patients and tutors in training applications such as the Maryland Virtual Patient system. Guided by the functional needs of such agents, McShane has recently begun to pursue the modeling of “mindreading” (otherwise known as mental model ascription), defined as inferring features of another human or artificial agent that cannot be directly observed, such as that agent's beliefs, plans, goals, intentions, personality traits, mental and emotional states, and knowledge about the world. This capability is an essential functionality of intelligent agents if they are to engage in sophisticated collaborations with people.

McShane has authored two books, A Theory of Ellipsis (Oxford University Press, 2005) and An Innovative, Practical Approach to Polish Inflection (Lincom Europa, 2003), and has published extensively in the areas of linguistics, natural language processing, cognitive modeling and knowledge representation.

Education

PhD, Slavic Languages and Literatures, Princeton University

Focus Area

physiological simulation, emotion modeling, natural language processing

James Hendler

James Hendler
Tetherless World Senior Constellation Professor of Computer and Cognitive Science

James Hendler is the Director of the Institute for Data Exploration and Applications and the Tetherless World Professor of Computer, Web and Cognitive Sciences at RPI.  He also heads the RPI-IBM Center for Health Empowerment by Analytics, Learning and Semantics (HEALS) and serves as a Chair of the Board of the UK’s charitable Web Science Trust. 

One of the originators of the “Semantic Web,” Hendler was the recipient of a 1995 Fulbright Foundation Fellowship, is a former member of the US Air Force Science Advisory Board, and is a Fellow of the AAAI, BCS, the IEEE, the AAAS and the ACM. He is also the former Chief Scientist of the Information Systems Office at the US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and was awarded a US Air Force Exceptional Civilian Service Medal in 2002. He is also the first computer scientist to serve on the Board of Reviewing editors for Science. 

In 2010, Hendler was named one of the 20 most innovative professors in America by Playboy magazine and was selected as an “Internet Web Expert” by the US government. In 2013, he was appointed as the Open Data Advisor to New York State and in 2015 appointed a member of the US Homeland Security Science and Technology Advisory Committee. In 2016, became a member of the National Academies Board on Research Data and Information and in 2018 became chair of the ACM’s US technology policy committee and was elected a Fellow of the National Academy of Public Administration.

 

Education

Ph.D., Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence, Brown University

Sc.M., Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence, Brown University

M.S., Cognitive Psychology, Human Factors Engineering, Southern Methodist University

B.S., Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence, Yale University

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COVID-19 Modeling and Data Resources Recommendations Needed johnsa17 Mon, 03/23/2020 - 18:07
Letter from Richie C. Hunter, Vice President, Strategic Communications and External Relations, soliciting suggestions for COVID-19 modeling and data resources for IDEA and the Rensselaer Libraries

COVID-19 Modelling Resources, Data and Challenges (updated: 31 Mar 2020)

Rensselaer data analytics students, researchers and colleagues are analyzing the data emerging from the 2019-2020 COVID-19 outbreak/pandemic. In early March 2020 The Rensselaer IDEA started gathering a set of resources on exploring and modelling current global data. This list will be updated periodically as new resources become available. Many thanks to our friends and colleagues near and for for contributing to this list!

TWed Talk: Minor Gordon on "A clean architecture for semantic web applications"

User expectations of modern web applications continue to outpace the productivity of the software engineering process. The semantic web application stack of RDF, SPARQL, and related technologies, provides many benefits to users and developers, at the expense of additional complexity that impedes the engineering process. I will present a new software architecture that attempts to maximize the user-visible benefits of these technologies while minimizing their impact on developer productivity.

Twed Talk: What's a Personal (Health) Knowledge Graph?

Recent years have seen a rising interest in combining the rich structured information contained in knowledge graphs with applications involving personalization. This talk will discuss insights into the emerging topic of "personal knowledge graphs", including key research challenges identified in literature and examples of proposed personal knowledge graph systems (especially in the domain of personalized health).

Student-Built App Wins Prize from HHS Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Competition

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality has awarded a Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute team $15,000 for an app called MortalityMinder, which identifies social conditions contributing to declining life expectancy at a community level.

johnsa17 Wed, 02/12/2020 - 00:00